Domenico Scarlatti


These biographical data were kindly made available to me by Siegfried Holzbauer, Austrian media artist. You can follow his preoccupation with Domenico Scarlatti here: his blog


born on Friday, October 26th at 8:57 pm in Naples as the son of Alessandro Scarlatti (* May 2, 1660, Palermo, † October 22, 1725, Naples) and Antonia Anzalone, as the sixth of 10 children, baptized Giuseppe Domenico (Giuse Domco) on November 1st in the Parrochia della Carita (S.Liborio, Chiesa di Montesanto), called Mimo


Organist and composer at the Neapolitan court orchestra, lessons with Francesco Gasparini


Scarlatti spends the second half of the year with his father at the Medici court in Florence, where Alessandro works for Prince Fernando de 'Medici, on the return journey they both keep one Month in Rome


Performance of his first two operas l'Ottavia ristituita al trono at the Teatro San Bartolomeo, Naples and Il Giustino on December 19th at the Palazzo Regio, Naples. His father works in Rome, Domenico lives and works independently of his father for the first time


His third opera l'Irene was performed at the Teatro San Bartolomeo, Naples, during the carnival season


Hhe leaves Naples and goes to his father in Rome, who soon sends him to Venice


Encounter and friendship with Georg Friedrich Händel, whom he did over the next three years repeatedly accompanied on his travels through Italy


Scarlatti goes back to his father in Rome, organ contest with Handel in the Palazzo della Cancelleria of Cardinal Ottoboni


in the service of Queen Maria Casimira of Poland, he composed 7 operas for her (1710 La Silvia, 1711 L ́Orlando overo la Gelosa Pazzia and Tolomeo et Alessandro, 1712 Tetide in Sciro, 1713 Ifigenia in Aulide and Ifigenia in Tauri, 1714 Amor d'un ombra)


Encounter and friendship with Thomas Roseingrave during a stay in Venice


Domenico becomes Kapellmeister at Queen Maria Casimira's private theater in Palazzo Zuccari


Vice-Maestro di Capella at the Vatican Capella Giulia, Roseingrave returns to England


Scarlatti also goes to the service of the Portuguese ambassador to the Vatican Marquis de Fontes, finally rises to Maestro di Capella in St. Peter's Basilica


first performance of one of his operas (Ambleto) in a public theater (Capranica Theater, Rome), another opera, La Dirindina, is performed in Lucca


Domenico obtained legal independence from his father through a notarial act


Hhis last opera: Berenice, also performed in the Capranica Theater


Scarlatti gives up his position at the Vatican in August, planned trip to England on November 29th, arrival in Lisbon, busy traveling until 1728


Stay in Palermo / Sicily, on May 30th performance of his opera Narciso (new version by Amor d ́un ́ ombra e la gelosia d ́un ́aura) by Th.Roseingrave at the Haymarket Theater in London, beginning of the composition and performance of vocal works ("serenate" e.g. Contesa delle stagioni) on the occasion of the birthdays and name days of the Portuguese royal couple, for which Scarlatti also sings himself


Scarlatti is mestre de capela at the court of Joãos V (Capellmeister of the Royal Portuguese Chapel in Lisbon), he teaches the 12-year-old Infanta Maria Barbara de Braganza (born 1711) and her brother Don Antonio, with Maria Barbara, Queen of Spain from 1746, he stays connected all his life


Stay in Paris, travel to Rome for the revival of his opera Tolomeo et Alessandro supervise in the palace of Count André de Melo e Castro, he meets Johann Quantz and makes the acquaintance of Carlo Broschi, better known as Farinelli


Scarlatti returned to Naples after 20 years, where he met Johann Adolf Hasse and visits his father, who dies in Naples on October 22nd, another stay in Paris


Married 16-year-old Maria Catarina Gentili (born November 13, 1712 in Rome) on May 15 the St. Pancratius Church in Rome, with her he later has 5 children


Marriage of Maria Barbaras with the Spanish heir to the throne Fernando, move to Seville, Andalusia (on the orders of King João V), Scarlatti continues to teach Princess Maria Barbara (Maestro de Musica de la Prinzesa nra.Sra.) And Prince Fernando, birth of his first son Juan Antonio


Birth of his second son Fernando (the other children: Mariana, Alexandro and Maria)


Moved to Madrid, Scarlatti now spends at the court of the Spanish king Felipe V Spring in Aranjuez, summer in the Palacio Real La Granja de San Ildefonso in Segovia (until 1747, then in Buen Retiro) and the rest of the year in the Escorial


Farinelli (Carlo Broschi) is employed at the royal Spanish court, Domenico lives in the Calle Ancha de San Bernando, Madrid


On April 21, he was raised to the nobility as a Knight of the Order of Santiago (Cavallero del orden de Santiago / Cavaliere di S.Giacomo) by the Portuguese King João V, as the first His works are published in 30 sonatas for harpsichord as essercizi per gravicembalo in London - he dedicates it to João V in gratitude for the knighthood, portrait Domenicos by Antonio de Velasco (Instituiçao José Relvas, Alpiarça, Portugal)


his wife Maria Cathilina dies at the age of 27 on May 6th in Aranjuez, the 5 minors come into the care of their grandmother Margarita Gentili, an additional 12 sonatas Reprint of the Essercizi with a foreword by Th.Roseingrave appears under the title XLII Suites de pieces pour le clavecin at Cooke in London, ten were published during his lifetime further printed collections of his sonatas (published in London, Paris and Nuremberg)


HMarried the Spaniard Anastasia Maxarti Ximenes (born in Cadiz), with whom he had 4 more Has children (Maria Barbara, Rosa, Domingo and Antonio)


Scarlatti now lives on Calle de Leganitos, Madrid


Death of Felipe V, Maria Barbara's coronation as Queen and Fernando as Fernando VI King of Spain, in the meantime Scarlatti has overtaken Farinelli the rank at court, in all friendship


Scarlatti's last child, Antonio is born


Scarlatti is to see with Farinelli on a (copperplate engraving by Joseph Flipart after a) painting by Jacopo Amiconi, it is the only other Scarlatti portrait that dates from his lifetime is preserved, Scarlatti is ill, can no longer leave his house, the collection of copies of his works (sonatas) begins, according to his dictation, in the 15-volume codices from Venice and Parma


he receives from Pope Benedict XIII. a complete indulgence for himself and his family


Scarlatti composes the Missa quatuor vocum in G minor


he composes his last work: Salve Regina in A major for soprano and strings


Scarlatti dies on Saturday 23rd July in his house at 35 Calle de Leganitos in Madrid, he is buried in the Convento de San Norberto (the monastery was dissolved in 1845)